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Thread: God, a proven fact or a mere fiction?

  1. God, a proven fact or a mere fiction?

    God, a proven fact or a mere fiction?

    People in the main are uneducated therefore are very limited in their thinking. That results in false interpretations of divine message because people are not used to organised or purposeful thinking that leads to sure results. There is nothing wrong with being ignorant because that is natural state of human existence but man is created with ability to learn so remaining ignorant is a crime against God and humanity. That is because an ignorant person is no use for himself or anyone else. Knowledge is power and if one does not have this power then one is powerless to do anything.

    Courage comes from knowledge and ignorance only breeds fear. It is through fear of the unknown man has taken forces of nature and other powerful things as his gods. However it is all a process of growing up. Man is born a baby and grows biologically, psychologically and sociologically. From the day God brought things to existence all has been evolving and has reached the stage that we observe today. It was a very long journey and it will remain a very, very long journey till we reach the stage that God has chosen for us to reach. A human being though begins as a single cell the potential placed within this cell is so great that man has yet to realise it for so many generations to come. It is like a huge tree that grows from a tiny seed bit by bit.

    The quran has nothing to do with religion, blind faith and mullahism. It is a book which deals with all necessary information that humanity will ever need for its guidance. The quran is the only book in the world of its kind as a proof of divinity and its program. A book that is a divine manifesto, a divine constitution and a divine book of guidelines for making laws or legislation. In order to know all this from the quran itself one has to educate oneself to the level whereby the quran begins to make sense. After all no book is written without any purpose in mind of its author nor anyone does anything aimlessly. Anything that just happens without any intent and effort is taken as a mistake not a motivated act to some end. Even if someone kills someone by his mistake it is still a mistake and not a first degree murder.

    What is quran? Centuries back in time an arab by name of muhammad claimed he was a divine messenger. People asked him, for proof of his claim so he gave them a book namely the quran as evidence to prove his claim. That is the book we are going to talk about and see if that claim was true or false.

    Before we begin examination of the quran in some detail, it necessary for people to know the difference between self evident facts and proven facts. Then it is also vital to realise the difference between testimonial proven facts and theoretically proven facts.

    God is not a self evident fact, that is because we humans cannot detect God by our senses directly or indirectly through instrumentation etc but the universe is self evident fact and all that which exists in it because it is detectable by human senses even if by use of instrumentation if not today may be at some stage later.

    The quran is testimony of God therefore it needs to be examined as a testimony just as we examine the testimony of a witness in a court of law to see if it is true or false. However before we can properly examine any testimony of any witness we need to understand it properly because without understanding what a witness is saying we cannot judge whether what one is saying is true or false. If witness only spoke french and examiner only spoke persian things will not workout till one of them learns the language of the other, the same goes for subjects under discussion ie if one person talked about biology but other could only understand physics things will not work out till one person comes to know the subject the other is talking about. Likewise a child or baby minded person cannot understand grown up or educated person's terminology. Since no one does anything without any purpose in mind neither one testifies without knowing why one is testifying, so knowing the purpose of the quran also becomes of vital importance. However once testimony is found to be sound ie without contradictions within and with respect to related self evident facts then it has proven reliable or true. This is called testimonial proof ie reliable testimony of a witness. One has to remember that one cannot add anything to the testimony of a witness from oneself nor can one take away anything from it, it has to be examined as it is. So the quran has to be examined the way it is given to mankind without saying what should or should not be in the quran. If the quran is found lacking in anything objectively only then it could be proven false but then we will have to prove that it does lack in necessary information regarding its stated purpose. That is if the quran states that it is for this or that purpose but when we examine it, it does not serve that purpose then it surely proves itself false but on the other hand if we find that it serves its stated purpose fully then the qurtan has proven its worth fully so it cannot be denied what it claims to be ie word of God.

    Coming to theoretical proof, it is a best personal explanation of available evidences or clues. This is needed because something that happened did not happen before our eyes ie it happened in our absence and that there is no any witness to it either upon whom we could rely to tell us about it. That is because we arrived at the scene late and found only whatever clues were left behind to make whatever sense we could from the clues. For example, we are walking along a road and come across a dead body. There is no one there to tell us what happened to this person so all we can do is see whatever clues are there and come up with an explanation. It could be a murder or natural death or suicide or an accidental death etc etc. So whatever clues we find will help us decide what to make of this situation.

    So one can see that theoretical proof is not as strong as witness based proof and witness based proof is not as strong as something that happens right before your own eyes. That is how far it is possible for humanity to reach the truth about any matter including existence of God.

    This also proves the point that if there is a testimonial proof from God then to fall on blind faith is a false idea and is misleading and this idea must have been implanted in human mind by those who wanted to mislead mankind ie the imperial priesthood. It also prove the idea of religion coming from kings and their priests not God to serve their purpose. Islam is deen not religion. Islam is all about brotherhood of mankind based on testimonial proof whereas religion is a matter of divide and rule using blind faith for following priests and kings. That is how mankind have been used and abused in the name of God and religion. This is why kings and their priests perverted the divine messages to subvert them but they did not succeed in doing that however they succeeded in making fools of ignorant people. The result is a world that we see all around us today. In order to change this situation for the better we all must learn and educate ourselves and each other to save ourselves from use and abuse of each other.
    Last edited by Mughal1; 4th March 2013 at 07:12 AM.

  2. So all people must learn quran to examine it as a divine manifesto for mankind, as a divine constitution for mankind and as a book of guidelines for making laws for mankind. The goal set by the quran for mankind is to establish peaceful, progressive and prosperous life through out the universe. The world in which we are born is only a lab for our experimentation to learn through trials and errors till we have become good enough to be one day managers of the universal factory of God. This process needed to be the way it is because we are supposed to learn from working of this universe and make changes to it to make it suitable for our own living in it ie make it compatible with our existence through interactions within this universe. This will become clearer as I explain the purpose of creation.

    It is important to concentrate on logic and evidence and how they combine to prove existence of God positively. If we ignore this relationship between logic and evidence then we cannot prove anything at all because then we want everything to happen before our very eyes or as far as we are concerned nothing happened at all. A murder has not taken place just because it has not happened before our eyes. It shows how flawed is our thinking in that case because we are denying the very principle that is accepted by all wise people in the world whereby they decide all such matters for which there is no direct evidence at all. After all what is TOE about? Yet almost every scientist worth the name accepts it as a theoretically proven fact.

    The other way to look at positive proof of divinity beside testimonial proof is rational proof. It is a self evident fact that this universe is there. This universe was not always there is also an observed reality. This means it was created, why? Because unless something that changes with time is not created by something that does not change with time it cannot come about. Nothing can come out of nothing ie there has to be something that brings about something ie God has brought about this world. How is that possible?

    Since we are here and we know that we are not here permanently so something has bought us here but the question is what brought that thing about? The answer is that thing was not brought about by anything because that had to be there always otherwise we end up with an unending chain of creators, which is impossible. Why is it impossible to have an unending chain of creators? It is because then before each creator could create anything the creator himself needs to be created by its creator. Take this chain to infinity and you will see that in that case nothing gets created. Let me explain it by an example.

    I ask you to help me with some money, you tell me that I need to borrow it from someone else to give it to you but that guy tells you the same and so the story goes for ever and ever, tell me will I ever get the money I asked for? No, never. It is because each guy keeps going to another guy for borrowing the money so this chain of borrowing does not end so that I could get the help I need. Likewise if each creator needed another creator then when will any creator be there to create anything? Because creation could not be there at all as a result. Since creation is there therefore it had to have a creator that was always there.

    Why creator created this world and sent his revelation? Because creator wanted to express himself. Anything that exists and is lively has the impulse to exert itself ie it wants to be known. You have urge to be known if you exist and you are a lively being.

    Tell me how would you introduce yourselves? Through your actions that show creativity on your part. God could not express himself unless he was being creative, nothing can. The other problem for urge of expression is that you need to be appreciated by something else that is capable of appreciating you as a creative being. In order to express himself God ended up creating this world and to be appreciated by something he created mankind in it. Something that is free to think ie has its own mind and has ability to show its own creativity given the tools and chance to prove itself. God has provided all tools and things of need for man to learn in this factory of God through experimentation ie trial and error till man becomes perfect enough to one day manage his universe for his own good. A time when human potential will become fully unfolded before man and that is the time when man will realise how great creator God was that he created such a wonderful thing called man who himself is such great creator as the handy work of God. That is how one day God will be pleased with what he has created and man will also be please with what he has done with his God given abilities and tools.

    This is why people need to try their best to understand the quran properly. It has nothing at all to do with mullahs mumbo jumbo. The quran tells us repeatedly that Allah created all for mankind ie for man to have it under his control one day. He created horses and donkeys etc etc for mankind and man was able to think out ways to domesticate these animals for his use. The same way man has to learn how to become controller of the universe by first learning how it works and then using that knowledge for redesigning it so that it becomes like paradise for mankind to live in.

    This is why first thing for humanity is to eliminate conflicts from between mankind then after unity get on with task of conquering the universe. The quran tells us that mankind will have peaceful, progressive and prosperous life throughout this universe. So there is plenty to do yet than we can think of right now.

    This is how the universe and the quran complement each other so God did not fail in expressing himself but we humans have yet to learn much more than we already have. We have yet many, many more generations to go before we can say we have established anything much in our own right.

    God does not want pooja paat instead he wants to be acknowledged and appreciated through knowledge and creativity. Only people of knowledge and creativity can truly acknowledge and appreciate God due to his knowledge and creativity. This is why real human beings are graded above all else. God is only great because of his knowledge and creativity by which he was able to express his existence and greatness. So there is no sense in denying the very obvious.

    The Quran is all about mankind as a single community so it looks at its actions as collective actions of humans as a single family therefore consequences of its actions are also interlinked for the reason of correction of its mindset, attitude and behaviour ie by way of interaction between its individuals and groups etc the human community can move forward in time doing better for itself or worse. When human community does wrong to each other and continues down that lane after some time people rise against this situation and try to pull it off this course to place it on another path that leads to something better. This situation of error and correction will continue till mankind have had enough experience and finally know what is right or wrong and so give up living their lives the wrong way. Even though the Quran teaches things but it is people who need to learn things till they reach the level of learning that will help them realise what the Quran is actually teaching them. It is like a road map is there but a person to read it needs to prepare himself to be able to make use of it and that takes time and experience. No matter how much parents try to teach their child, the speed at which a baby learns is still a major factor ie learning does not depend on teacher alone but student as well. Since humans are created to learn like self programming robots so they will take time. Not only that but they will keep erring and they will keep on correcting themselves till they have learned enough to not to make as many mistakes as they do at the start of the learning process.

    In Quran in things that happen man is only held responsible for criminal behaviour and for that intention or motive or purpose behind the action or inaction as well as the course of actions taken, both count.

  3. Life is all about learning but learning is only possible through trial and error. When a person is born he learns to use his brain, his senses, his limbs and in fact his entire body and things available to him.

    In this process a person makes many, many mistakes and many a time hurts himself or others. You try to sit but fall over and over, again and again and even get hurt, when you try to learn how to stand, the same happens etc etc. Humans learn things throughout their lives eg you learn to read and write and learn professional skills and go through countless trials and mistakes. The ultimate aim is to be able to do things without making mistakes so we practice more and more in order to be better and better at doing things if not perfect.

    This is why there is no concept of sin in Quran- because it is not a book of religion- but about stopping crime because it is about rule of law based system ie Islam. The Quran very clearly states that even if you kill someone by mistake, it is not a crime. It is because for any action to be a crime it has to be motivated by harmful and destructive intent. Any harm that results through mistakes should be compensated where possible through actions for better results ie you try your best to replace loss the best you humanly can. Only crime is to be punished but the intention for punishment of crime has to be restoration of balance in community that was disturbed by the crime so that peace returns to community after disturbance.

    When a crime is carried out or is allowed to be carried out or is helped to be carried out then community spirit breaks down and once motivation for being a community is gone then you are no longer a community but individuals and groups based on private and personal vested interests against the common good or interest. If you committed a crime and others helped you in various ways eg stopped authorities from catching you, charging you, putting you on trial or saved you from being convicted and even after conviction people get you forgiveness then where does all this leave the human community spirit? Moreover why would anyone do that if one is community friendly

    In Quran intervention is good if it is motivated for the benefit of human society eg someone was going to kill somebody and you changed his mind, somebody was going to shoot somebody and you took away his gun, people were fighting and you intervened and saved people from bloodshed. Someone was going to take poison and you got there in time and saved him from doing that. Somebody burnt himself and you took him to hospital or put some ointment on him. Someone was accused falsely and you intervened and proved he was accused falsely. Someone is convicted wrongly and you intervene and get him retrial and he is found not guilty and is freed etc etc.

    When a person commits a crime, none is allowed to intervene to save him from being charged and put on trial and after conviction from his set out punishment. However, proper advice is allowed so that one does not commit crime to begin with or that one is not charged under false allegation, or put on trial and prosecuted or convicted wrongly or punished wrongly. This is why there is no forgiveness in Quran for criminal unless there is social benefit in doing that because Quran looks at criminal and the victim as members of the same family. If a family has only two brothers and one kills the other then by putting the other to death finishes off the family therefore out of necessity there could be exceptions to rules at times for the community. It is because man is not perfect and all his actions are not necessarily perfect. Therefore the need for a degree of respite is inevitable. From point of view of God his law is fine but from point of view of man, he needs its understanding and he needs to learn its proper application and wherever things fall on man the possibility of error cannot be ruled out so God had to compensate for that. God has limitations as a God and man has limitations as a man. Just as God cannot be expected to do un-Godly things so a man cannot be expected to do things beyond his natural limits as a man.

    Sin is an imaginary concept and so is forgiveness and atonement etc. This is why these are religious inventions by establishment priests to give people sense of freedom from punishment of their crimes in this world by leaving everything to hereafter and then introducing the idea of forgiveness through intervention of good guys to end the sense of punishment for crimes. This way you do what you like and then say certain prescribed words or do some prescribes rituals and all is well, as if you are a new born. These are not Quranic concepts but were adopted into Islam by establishment and its clergy from other religions for their own purposes but later priestly classes accepted them as they are without any due thought process and they keep spreading them. By looking at Muslim societies throughout the world we can see the results of that. Islam is more about this life than hereafter. There is a saying in Urdu that duniya aakhirat ki kheti hai ie the life in this world is the one upon which depends future life or you reap what you sow. The end result depends upon your own actions. It is wrong to think that if you commit crimes in this world, you can get away with that just because you believe certain things or say certain words or carry out certain rituals.

    The point to remember is that if mistakes are not to be punished and crime has to be that which is motivated and intended then conviction is inevitable and once conviction is there then punishment that fits the crime is inevitable because that is the way God has set up things and no amount of nonsense beliefs and rituals invented by priests can change that. The concept the Quran puts forth is that of collective punishment rather than individual punishment and concept of punishment is based upon cause and effect or consequences of peoples' own actions as a family. The Quran wants humanity to sort out its all problems according to set out program and guidelines so nicely that one day the world is what it is supposed to be ie a blissful place called paradise to live in. So long as people keep neglecting their responsibilities as a human community, the world will remain as hell as people make it for themselves for as long as they want it.

    This is why people need to understand the Quranic concepts and not listen to their ignorant religious leaders or keep suffering the consequences. This is what evolution of humanity is all about and that is what revolutions are all about. The world is going through cyclic changes and will continue that way till a proper human society comes about that is exactly as the Quran wants it to be. It is people who are going to bring it about not God. He has sent his messenger for the final time to humanity and has said that Islam is finally to prevail ie the world will end up peaceful, progressive and prosperous regardless of what opponents of divine writ think or do to try and prevent it. They will lose out and humanity will become the winner. So we all should be part of solutions to problems and not be part of problems. This cannot happen unless we intervene for the good of humanity by doing things that are of benefit to humanity and stop intervening for the harm and destruction of humanity by doing things that benefit none or even harm others. This is why religion is a false concept and deen is a true concept. And this is why priests are wrong but learned scholars of Quran based deen are right.

    The Quran tells people to find out things and if you do not know them ask those who really know them. Don't go to those who do not know them. Who knows things and who does not can become obvious from what they tell us ie knowledge speaks for itself.

  4. A verse by verse short conceptual and contextual interpretation of the Quranic Surahs.


    SURAH 1 AL FATIHA=The Divine Proclamation for the mankind

    Word surah is from root SEEN, WOW and RAA. The concrete meaning of this word is something that covers something or encompasses it. Something that is sufficient or fit for its purpose or deals with the matter fully or comprehensively. Something that protects something or shields something from something etc. In the Quranic context it means the comprehensive divine program that if followed by mankind will protect humanity from all sort of troubles and problems. The Quranic program is a path to peaceful, progressive and prosperous life for mankind hence the name of this is Islam. The same root means the fortified wall that surround the fort to protect the city within the wall.

    The name this surah is given is AL-FAATIHA, which is from root FAA,TAA and HAA. The concrete root meaning of this root is key ie something that opens something eg a lock so that the locked things could be accessed. In the surah context the word means the opening surah of the Quran ie the surah that contains key information that helps interpret the context of the rest of the Quran ie this surah gives overall picture or opens the door to the rest of the information in the Quran as to what the Quran is and what it is going to be about. The starting point is AQL from root AIN, QAAF and LAAM. Concrete meaning of this root is weight or anchor or peg etc. Something that is used to tie down something to stop it from scattering all over the place. It is used for thinking process of the brain because the brain processes information for making sense of it in order to act on it instead of wandering off in confusion. The ability of brain to make sense of things by means of thought process is called intelligence. How brain learns sense to make sense of things? Throughout life by means of learning experiences by way of trial and error brain becomes experienced in making sense of obtained or given information.

    1)aql and revelation are two different things.

    2)aql is an activity of the brain ie a process for processing information or data and revelation is information or data needing processing.

    3)Aql is needed for organising and making sense of data to understand it.

    4)Where does aql come from? It comes from sense of making sense of things ie through life experiences through trials and error.

    5)The more experienced you are in making sense of things the better is your judgment about things. It is because then you know what information is available and what is not at any given point in time and how to get information and how to put it together and what it means after you have organised it in your head.

    6)The Quran is nothing more than information that needs to be understood by human brain as explained for its purpose and use. Therefore sufficient aql/sense has to be there already to begin with in order to make proper sense of the Quran to use it accordingly.

    7)Brain only works on basis of language that it uses for communication just like a computer. Without having a way of processing data to make sense of things brain cannot make sense of anything.

    8)The Quran is mere a jumble of words and words have attached to them certain concepts and concepts unless put together for a purpose have no use just like a jumble of letters, numbers, signs or symbols. So to understand the Quran one must get familiar with concepts of words used in the Quran and then try and see how these concepts make better sense by combining them in various ways that bring out the proper contexts of the words used in the verses so that verses make sense. Not only that but each verse of a given surah must be connected in such a way with other verses of the same surah that the whole surah of the Quran makes sense in a context from the text itself. The process of making proper sense of the Quranic text does not stop there but then each surah must be combined with rest of them in such a way that shows over all context of the Quranic text.

    9)Once the Quran is reasonably understood then it becomes the criterion for judging all the rest of information about Islam be it from any source or person etc.

    10)It is a very, very hard work which most people are not bothered to undertake. What people do is they just have some basic make beliefs which they take for granted and call it Islam. There are not many people with in-depth understanding of the divine revelation. This is why the world is in the state that it is. Where most people are trying to copyright knowledge as intellectual property and each person is trying to fool the next person, the learning process is a difficult one and that is why peace, progress and prosperity in the world is a very, very slow process. Parties with vested interests are a big obstacle in the way of peace, progress and prosperity of humanity because not only they do not learn things worth learning themselves but place obstacle in path of learning knowledge and try their best to throw humanity of course because if knowledge worth learning becomes available vastly then they cannot have the world the way they want it for themselves. However despite all this carry on, as we all can see we are making some progress but we could do much better if obstacles were removed from the path of learning knowledge for the betterment of the mankind. Prophets were sent by God to help people become clever that is why they came to teach humanity things which people wanted to hide from each other so that clever people could exploit others at will who are not clever as them. This is why chiefs did not build educational institutions for learning but only when it suited their own agendas. That mindset, attitude and behavior still continues to date. As the saying goes, one can make some of the people fool for some of the time but not all of the people all the time. The truth will prevail because people cannot be free of troubles unless they get to it and live by it. Only truth can set people free.

    1)Proclaim! In the name of Allah, the provider of psychological, sociological and biological needs of mankind,

    In this verse two words needs to be understood very clearly for proper understanding of the Quran a)AL-RAHMAAN and b)AL-RAHEEM. The root of both these words is same ie RAA, HAA and MEEM. The concrete root meaning of this root is womb ie some sort of container that contains all the needed things that something in it needs to develop to its full potential. In the Quranic context it means the universe that contains mankind and all it will ever need to exist and develop eg food and knowledge etc. These words within them contain sense of universal evolution as designed by Allah. This is why Allah is named AL-RAHMAAN and AL-RAHEEM, which is usually translated as the gracious and the merciful. These words do not convey true sense of meanings of the stated Arabic words so I did not use them.

    The growth of mankind is like growth of a tiny seed into a huge tree. The human beings are brought about through evolutionary process just like all other things in the universe but they have been brought about with brain, senses and body mechanism. Once people are born and they learn through life experiences in the real world then they realize how far they can go on their own and soon they sense need for more knowledge that they cannot learn by themselves alone. That is when they sense the need for divine guidance and start looking for it. On the other hand Allah sends his messengers with messages to help human development along throughout their existence. As development process is a time consuming process therefore it takes people time to figure out things for themselves as each person learns things in his own time in his own way under his own circumstances in his own situation.

    This bismilla verse called TASMIYA is known as the seal of the Quran and usually recited before beginning any project or task in order to remind oneself that one is doing what one is going to do for sake of furthering the goal of Allah ie Islam=peace. Before opening of this seal another verse is recited when one recites the Quran and that verse is called TAOOZ. A OOZU BILLAHI MINASH SHAITAANIRRA JEEM. Usually translated as, I seek refuge in Allah from Satan the rejected. The idea is that when one reads the Quran for understanding divine guidance then one has to reject all sorts of opposing ideologies that are harmful and destructive for mankind. That is how by knowing divine program and acting upon it one could protect oneself and others as a member of human community against harm and destruction. The whole of the Quranic teaching is within context of this seal ie the divine program for the benefit of mankind is sealed with this formula of bismillah.

  5. 2)That sovereignty belongs to Allah alone because He is the creator and the sustainer of all the kingdoms in the universe,

    In this verse word AL-HAMD is from root HAA, MEEM and DAAL. Its concrete root meaning is recognition or acknowledgment of something or someone. Since Allah is introducing himself to mankind as the creator, provider and sustainer of the universe so he is seeking acknowledgement of these facts by mankind so that they could then accept and act on his advice or directions for their own good. For children to take advice of their parents it is necessary that they acknowledge their parents so that they could then take their advice and act upon it for their own good. If the advice is found to be good when looked at and then acted upon, this will automatically lead to appreciation of the advice and good parenthood.

    Word RABB in this verse is from root RAA, BAA and BAA. Its concrete root meaning is the one who takes care of some one in every way but particularly in sense of teaching knowledge and providing other things of need for growth and development. Allah is teacher of mankind by way of revelation as well as the one who takes care of their needs.

    The other word in this verse is AALAMEEN which is from root AIN, LAAM and MEEM. The root meaning of this word is information that is properly understood by the brain. In other words one can only know something by knowing information about it. That is how one knows that one has understood something properly. This root also has conceptual meaning ie universe or world and the reason is because information about the universe helps a person understand things through life experience by means of interaction with other things within the universe by way of trial and error. The human brain learns things in the real world through its senses by way of trial and error and gradually builds up a bank of information, some of it in an organized way or with understanding. This is why people have certain models of the real world in their heads.

    3)the provider of biological, psychological and sociological needs of mankind for its development.

    4)The authority for the universal constitution for the mankind to abide by.

    Word MAALIK in this verse is from root MEEM, LAAM and KAAF. The concrete meaning of this root is power or authority. The use of this root expresses someone or something with power or authority or ownership for some purpose eg a ruler, a king, a chief, an administrator, a manager or an office bearer etc.

    The other word in this verse is YAWM from root YAA, WOW and MEEM. The concrete meaning of this root is universe or time or value. It is used for a period of time as defined for some purpose eg 24 hour day or an era or for the world or anything of worth or status or standard etc.

    Another word used here is AL-DEEN from root DAAL, YAA and NOON. The concrete root meaning of this root is point of reference or landmark. Something that you keep going back to or it keeps coming back to you for some reason. This is why it is used in various ways to express different ideas eg it is used in sense of a way of life, as a standard or for debt or judgment etc.

    5)Therefore declare O mankind that we will abide by Your program, constitution and law and seek Your help thereby,

    In this verse word NABUDU is used from root AIN, BAA and DAAL. Its concrete root meaning is abiding by some reference point as if something is tied to something like an animal to a peg so that it does not wander off and get lost. Since Quran is a divine manifesto, a constitution and a guideline book for law formation, humanity is told to abide by it for the reasons already told and for the reasons yet to be told ie if you do things the way the one who set them up tells you then you save yourself from lots of troubles and difficulties. If you choose to go your own way then you could end up making mistakes which could land you in harm and destruction as a consequence.

    Word NASTAEEN is from root AIN, WOW and NOON. Its concrete root meaning is support like a pillar that supports a beam to stop ceiling fall on the floor. Something that supports something properly so that the purpose for which the support is given is served properly. The point made here is that God helps people through knowledge in general which people gain through life experiences and through divine revelation where knowledge gained through life experiences cannot help on its own because it is not sufficient. It is because divine revelation raises ones awareness beyond ones own life experiences by drawing ones attention to matters which one may otherwise think are of no importance to oneself because the connection between things is not so obvious for simple minded person. Also the concept of living for each other is not an easy thing for anyone to accept that is why the world is the way it is because that is the way people made it. So the Quran wants to motivate a person beyond living for oneself because it emphasizes community life or brotherhood to bring about a caring and sharing human society that is united as a single family.

    6)because thereby you show us a firmly founded way that leads to peace, progress and prosperity,

    In this verse word SIRAAT is from root SAWD, RAA and TWAA. The concrete root meaning of this root is cut. Siraat is called a way that is purpose built because it cuts through the land from one point to another. Anything that makes its way through something is also called siraat eg a sword makes its way through a body. A traveler who makes his way through a road from one place to another. The food one eats makes its way through the digestive tract etc.

    The other word used is MUSTAQEEM from root QAAF, WOW and MEEM. The concrete root meaning of this root is something that stands firmly in its place or is firmly fixed eg a peg in the ground for tying animals or to tie a tent so that it does not fly away due to wind. Something that takes a firm stand or rises up. Revival of something eg an idea or a thing etc.

    7)Way of those who brought about for themselves blissful life, not of those who brought about for themselves painful suffering nor of those who rather live a life of confusion and instability.

    In this verse word ANAMTA from root NOON, AIN and MEEM is used. The concrete root meaning of this root is, things of need that help people to develop to their full potential ie make progress and prosper or have a blissful life.

    The other word used here is MAGHDOOB from root GHAIN, DWAD and BAA. The concrete root meaning of this root is pain that is felt after burning oneself by fire or heat. When one does things the wrong way and suffers the loss or gets harmed by so doing one feels oneself in trouble or difficulty and goes through painful suffering. To avoid all this, one should not do things this way rather one should find out the right way before doing things so that one saves oneself from this painful state.

    Another word used in this verse is DWAALEEN from root DWAD, LAAM and LAAM. The concrete meaning of this root is lack of proper information or its understanding for making a choice or decision about something so the result is confusion or loss of way to some target or goal.

    Note: This Surah is called UMMUL KITAAB=mother of the book. It is because it gives overall picture of what the Quran is all about. It is clearly telling mankind God is beneficial and sole sovereign of the universal kingdom therefore it is up to Him alone to set for mankind the criterion to live by so that mankind by following this program attain blissful life in this world like those before them, unlike those who suffered pain due to living confused lives. The rest of the Quranic Surahs expand various points raised in this surah directly or indirectly. It will become clear that the Quran gives this way of life a name called Islam meaning peace. DEEN means way of life or code of conduct or constitution to live by.

  6. Last edited by Mughal1; 9th April 2013 at 09:21 AM.

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